Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research. We have supported work on an automated swing loading system for electric shovels, the science of rehabilitation and minimising mining impacts on neighbouring communities.
Post blast fume generation is a significant issue in open cut mining operations. The fumes produced can have significant health implications and potentially, serious safety, environmental and financial impacts.
This project was initiated in an effort to understand the mechanism for .... read more
Waste rock materials exposed at the surface following open-cut coal mining in central Queensland are commonly saline, impacting on the success of revegetation efforts. The aim of this study was to develop a simple model that predicts the removal of salts from reconstructed soil profiles by .... read more
This study was initiated by the Upper Hunter Mining Dialogue (UHMD) which comprises stakeholders from coal mining, agriculture, community and environment groups, and local and state government. The UHMD had questions around the sustainability and profitability of mine land which was .... read more
Post mining landforms are constructed of unconsolidated material which can be highly erodible. In such structures of loosely bonded material, rill erosion and gully erosion are major issues. To ensure long term stability and sustainability, these landforms need to be designed to minimise .... read more
The objectives for this project were:
The Welcome Swallow (Hirundo neoxena) poses a major Occupational Health and Safety concern in the maintenance workshops of a number of Coal Mines in the Hunter Valley, NSW, as it can roost in large numbers in large workshop buildings. To date a variety of ad hoc methods have been employed .... read more
DO NOT SELECT GET REPORT
The outcomes for projects C19030, C15045 and C12044 have been UPDATED and are available at C22026.
Full results are available from www.DigDatabase.com.au
An annotated bibliography of rehabilitation on New South Wales coal mines .... read more
Sustainable closure of coal mines in Australia remains one of the industry's biggest challenges. This issue is amplified when spoil characteristics make rehabilitation difficult and costly. A significant proportion of mines in the Bowen Basin of Queensland have dispersive spoil. It is .... read more
Relinquishment of final mining voids is a significant issue for coal mining companies. The cost of rehabilitating mine voids to land fill and re-establishment of pre-existing terrestrial habitats is prohibitive and not considered to be a viable commercial option by most coal mining .... read more
For an increasing number of open cut coal mines in central Queensland, overall rehabilitation objectives include the re-establishment of self-sustaining ecosystems that reflect biodiversity values of the land prior to mining. Vertebrate fauna is a key component of such biodiversity values, and .... read more
In-pit disposal of tailings can be beneficial because of the stability of tailings storage attained by placing the tailings below the natural ground surface, thereby reducing risk of wall failure. However, there is a potential risk of contaminant release into the surrounding environment through .... read more
Stage One Report: Development Of Ecosystem Protection Trigger Values For Sodium Sulfate In Seasonally Flowing Streams Of The Fitzroy River Basin
Coal mines in the Bowen Basin have reduced freshwater consumption by implementing water re-use in operations. This has resulted in .... read more
Over the last three-decades there have been multiple instances of unexplained widespread decline and death of native and exotic pasture grass species in northern, central, and southern Queensland. A causal link between previous cases, known as Buffel Dieback (BD), and current (post-2016) .... read more
Salinization of freshwater systems is being increasingly recognised as a global issue. Regulating diffuse and point source saline inputs to freshwater systems is difficult owing to the complex interactions that influence both the direct and indirect effects of salinity on individual species and .... read more
The ACARP funded ornamental snake Research Program was undertaken to provide a greater understanding of the habitat usage and ecological requirements of the threatened ornamental snake (Denisonia maculata) within the Bowen Basin mining province. The ornamental snake was recognised .... read more
A large body of information on all aspects of coal-mine rehabilitation in .... read more
The Centre for Sustainable Mine Lakes (CSML) was formed in 2002 in response to an urgent need for environmental and social science required for underpinning the closure of open cut mines, and for the identification and evaluation of sustainable beneficial end uses of mine sites .... read more
Particle, or dust, emissions from open cut coal mining have been the subject of significant investigation over a number of years. Previous ACARP projects investigated the issues surrounding particle emissions from coal mining in the Hunter Valley (Holmes Air Sciences 1999; Richardson 1999; .... read more
This report addresses uncertainties faced by coal mine operators when assessing and planning options and implementing rehabilitation designs and methods during the closure of opencast coal mine voids to ensure safe, stable, non-polluting, and sustainable post mining void uses.
.... read more
There is significant concern in the coal mining industry regarding the accuracy of air emissions estimation calculations/emissions inventories that are ultimately used to inform government air quality policy. In particular, the potential for overestimation of mining related particulate matter .... read more
In 2011, the river diversion channel around Lake Kepwari, a former open cut coal pit in Collie (Western Australia) was breached during a storm event. The effects of the breach showed potential for improving water quality in the pit lake with limited impact on the river downstream (according to .... read more
This document was commissioned by ACARP to improve the understanding of conflict for water resources between the established coal mining and agricultural sectors and the rapidly expanding Coal Seam Gas (CSG) industry.
The external drivers acting on these three sectors and .... read more
The aim of this project is to add a further technical component and a social approach to determining performance standards for diversions at relinquishment. The objectives of this project are to:
· Identify acceptable condition trajectories for diversions that would allow for future .... read more
Fundamental parameters for surface stability and vegetation performance have been developed for ungrazed rehabilitation pastures on central queensland coal mines. It is widely recognised within the mining industry that criteria used to evaluate rehabilitation for lease surrender and to .... read more
This project focuses on fine particles (PM10, PM2.5) and nitrogen oxides (NOx, NO2) in the Upper Hunter Region, NSW. It consists of four sections, each with specific goals:
Mine sites are required to rehabilitate their final landforms with a safe, stable and sustainable land cover. Traditionally, sites have been assessed from field measurements along transects, but these measurements are not necessarily representative of the whole rehabilitation site. .... read more
The objective of this research has been to further develop an understanding of the requirements for successful design, operation, management and approvals relinquishment for constructed watercourse diversions at mine sites in the Queensland coal mining industry. This has been undertaken through .... read more
Where once a primary objective of the mine rehabilitation had been to return the land to grazing, with success measured in terms of projected foliage cover of grasses, more complex and demanding outcomes are now sought. Increasingly, approaches to rehabilitation include, or in many cases, .... read more
The use of reference sites for establishing closure criteria in areas disturbed by mining activities is accepted by regulators across Australia. However, this approach often creates impossible or unrealistic targets for miners seeking to close rehabilitated lands. In order to increase .... read more
The forward osmosis (FO) process, also known as direct osmosis, is an emerging membrane technology for water reuse and desalination. In the FO process, water naturally traverses the semi permeable membrane from a lower solute concentration feed solution on one side of the membrane to a higher .... read more
Central Queensland's Bowen Basin contains Australia's most extensive known coal supplies, beneath the river catchments of one of Australia's largest river basins, the Fitzroy Basin. At more than 142,000km2, the Fitzroy Basin is the third largest river basin in Australia .... read more
The overall objective of the project was to develop a set of tests for reliably predicting acid rock drainage (ARD) potential of coal rejects and tailings. Standard test methods for predicting their ARD potential are unreliable due to interferences associated with organic matter and mineralogy .... read more
Pacific Environment was awarded funding from ACARP for a study to review, update and further develop the emission factors that are used to quantify fugitive dust from open cut coal mining operations in Australia. In the context of the study fugitive dust was characterised as airborne .... read more
A significant area of risk associated with mine closure is the question of completion criteria for native ecosystem rehabilitation - will the regulators and the broader community accept defined standards as part of an overall mine closure plan, and agree to lease relinquishment? Both .... read more
A significant area of risk associated with mine closure is the question of completion criteria for native ecosystem rehabilitation ? will the regulators and the broader community accept defined standards as part of an overall mine closure plan, and agree to lease relinquishment? Both .... read more
This project investigated the distribution of dust in the Hunter Valley and the relationship between community attitudes to air quality and concentrations of dust to which they are exposed. From anecdotal evidence derived from submissions to Public Inquiry's associated with the opening .... read more
There are currently 17 open cut coal mines in the Hunter Valley that produce 58 Mt/annum of coal for export and domestic use. Mines are legislatively required to rehabilitate land on completion of mining operations. The most common rehabilitation objective in the Hunter Valley is to return .... read more
This report summarises the results of ACARP Project C3008/AMIRA Project Number P401, focussing on the generic aspects of the project. The generic aims of the ACARP component of the project and the mine site specific aims of the AMIRA component of the project were broadly achieved. The .... read more
Large quantities of ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO) explosive are used throughout the open-cut coal mining industry in Australia each year. Individual mines can consume more than 50,000 t of ANFO and related products annually. Apart from dust generated by blasting, under ideal conditions the .... read more
This project builds upon the previous ACARP project (C19018) undertaken by the Mine Water and Environment Research Centre (MiWER) at study sites in Collie (Western Australia). Project C19018 identified that nutrients were limiting algal productivity, water quality improvements, and the .... read more
Access to land for mining is becoming increasingly difficult for mine establishment and expansion, particularly in areas where the land is fully allocated to food and fibre production, urban settlement, or environmental protection. A key tenet of sustainable development is that production does .... read more
Water is increasingly recognised as a material risk by mining companies, however corporate water management strategies tend to be heavily focused on access to water for production and processing and do not necessarily capture the other water related risks. Stormwater runoff generated by mine .... read more
Extreme rainfall conditions in the Fitzroy Catchment over an approximately 5 year period between 2007-2012 resulted in accumulation of water on many mine sites. This research investigated hydrological /salinity relationships and ecological processes with the view to better characterise the .... read more
In recent years an increasing interest has been placed on mining operations to rehabilitate their post-mined lands to a standard that achieves a certain level of ecological recognisability and function. In some instances, there have been requirements for rehabilitation to meet the diagnostic .... read more
This project investigated the validity of visual assessment by stakeholders as a method of evaluating land rehabilitation and demonstrating that it has achieved the rehabilitation objectives. Research phases comprised:
This study follows on from project C23053 which found that cattle weight gain from pastures on ehabilitated mine land compared favourably and in most periods exceeded weight gain from similar cattle on adjacent analogue areas.
This project was aimed at addressing four .... read more
Coal has been mined from Collie Basin from the 1890's. The Collie Basin is a tectonic depression in the Yilgarn block with large areas of permian sediments. Following the Second World War, open cut mining was introduced. As a result Collie now has several open pits filled with water .... read more
Final voids resulting from open cut mining present special problems with respect to rehabilitation. The project aims to develop appropriate low cost, low maintenance, technology for rehabilitating acid water to treat the standing bodies of water now forming lakes in final voids in many .... read more
Final voids resulting from open cut mining present special problems with respect to rehabilitation. The project aims to develop appropriate low cost, low maintenance, technology for rehabilitating acid water to treat the standing bodies of water now forming lakes in final voids in many .... read more
Fine particulates are considered to be a health risk to humans and are therefore a potentially significant issue for open cut coal mines. Little data is available in relation to fine particulate concentrations in the vicinity of mines, and stringent new air quality goals were .... read more
The remediation of acidic water resulting from open cut mining in geologies rich in iron pyrites is one of the major environmental issues facing the domestic and international mining industry today. In 2002 the Western Australian State Government joined with coal and tin mining companies based .... read more
This project aimed to improve understanding and quantification of the hydraulic connectivity between open cut mines and adjacent river and groundwater systems at the study site in the Hunter River Valley. The investigation focussed on fault and fracture zones that underpin such connectivity by .... read more
The physical and chemical properties of waters can be modified as it flows over and through a mine site. Changes to the physico-chemical properties of mine waters have the potential to modify off-site aquatic ecosystems, by affecting the structure of .... read more
A combination of modern genetics techniques and microscopy were used to identify which species of blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) can produce the toxin cylindrospermopsin in water storages used by the coal mining industry. Prior to this research project, the only known toxin producing .... read more
The objectives of the research project were to validate existing particulate emission estimation techniques for open area sources at coal mines and to provide local data for related field conditions that affect particulate emission rates.
The impetus for the project was industry .... read more
The Central Queensland Mine Rehabilitation Group (CQMRG) has hosted mine site rehabilitation inspections combined with technical workshops for more than 20 years. It was recognised at CQMRG's anniversary meeting in April 2013 that the vast body of knowledge held by rehabilitation and .... read more
The primary objective of this project was to integrate the development of the laboratory-based erosion methodology and models derived from ACARP projects 1629 and 4011 into a user friendly Integrated Erosion and Landscape Design Package that is readily usable for: .... read more
Mines across Australia face enormous water challenges and desalination options are limited and expensive. Managing the saline water generated during coal mining is becoming an important and costly exercise for the coal industry. Due to the constraints in releasing the saline water, coal mines .... read more
Restoration can be defined as 'replacement of an ecosystem that was totally destroyed with one of the same kind' and 'the new ecosystem must be entirely reconstructed on a site that was denuded of its vegetation' (Clewell et al. 2005). Ideally restoration should .... read more
Discussion with various mining clients in the Hunter Valley has made it clear that the traditional approach to noise impact assessment is of limited day to day use on mine sites. It has been indicated that noise from mobile plant is a frequent and recurring cause for complaint in relation to .... read more
There remains significant concern in the industry regarding the accuracy of air emissions estimation calculations / emissions inventories that are ultimately used to inform government air quality policy.
In particular, the potential for overestimation of mining related particulate .... read more
Curragh The initial field study at Curragh assessed runoff, erosion and water quality from rehabilitated land at two scales: field plot (0.01 ha) and contoured catchment (0.58, 0.41 and 0.91 ha). Three contoured catchments with an average slope .... read more
The project builds upon knowledge acquired from two past ACARP Projects, being:
Location of the .... read more
This project is a scoping study that examines salinity issues facing the mining industry in the Hunter Region that is challenged with mining in a saline environment associated with Permian geological sediments and with the mining process increasing the potential mobilisation of salt.
The disposal of waste open-gear lubricants and other dragline greases and oils generated by the coal mining industry has proved to be an expensive and labour intensive practice. This is in the main due to the thick, tacky nature of the long-chained hydrocarbons .... read more
The disposal of waste tyres from mining machinery in Australia remains problematic. Waste off-the-road tyres from mining operations have generally been buried in landfill or stockpiled in a registered waste area on site. Their size, construction and invariably remote location make their .... read more
It has regularly been identified that a large body of work covering many areas of the rehabilitation of coal mines has been undertaken, resulting in many reports and other forms of reference material. Given the time, resources and financial investment put into this diverse range of work, it is .... read more
Mining is a temporary land use; normal mining investment is made on the legal basis that tenements can be relinquished after resource extraction and rehabilitation is complete. If that relinquishment can be effected with a post-mining land use that generates income, risks of relinquishment for .... read more
One of the major challenges to rehabilitating land that has been disturbed by mining is the re-establishment of a self-sustaining vegetative cover. Restoration of acceptable vegetative cover on reclaimed mine lands can be difficult because post-mining soils often have a less developed .... read more
This report describes the technologies for exploring management strategies, assessing risk and addressing the challenges of both excess and insufficient water on mine sites under extreme climate variability. This is achieved through the use of a climate-driven, hierarchical system model .... read more
Blast overpressure levels experienced from operations on open cut mines depend on many factors including the design of the blast, the distance from the blast to the receiver and the prevailing atmospheric conditions. The way in which temperature and wind vary along the path through which .... read more
Most mine sites within Australia have specific rehabilitation objectives in order to return the landscape to an acceptable state after the mine operations cease. In addition to these formal objectives set out by regulators, community expectations for satisfactory rehabilitation are very .... read more
This research project was undertaken over two years following completion of a scoping study. The scoping study provided guidance on a number of knowledge management platforms and decision tools for sharing rehabilitation and closure knowledge as well as providing capacity for discussion forums. .... read more
This project was undertaken to address improvement in water quality of pit and recycled mine waters in the Bowen Basin and included a detailed study of issues related to the toxicity and management of blue-green algae. The work was presented in three sections.
PART A - .... read more
Dust from unsealed roads has the potential to have a detrimental impact on local ambient air quality, create a road safety hazard by reducing visibility and result in higher vehicle operating costs, due to dust penetrating the engine and other moving components resulting in increased rates of .... read more
Emissions of dust, or particulate matter, into the atmosphere from various sources in the Australian environment are of considerable interest for health, environmental and aesthetic reasons. Particulate matter occurs in the atmosphere from two processes: direct release from a variety of .... read more
The mining industry faces three long term strategic risks in relation to its water and energy use: 1) securing enough water and energy to meet increased production; 2) reducing water use, energy consumption and emissions due to social, environmental and economic pressures; and 3) understanding .... read more
The project is combined with C8030, please see here for the abstract .... read more
The long-term behaviour of spoil piles subject to spontaneous combustion has been evaluated at three hunter valley mines over an 18 month period. Spontaneous combustion has emerged in recent years as a significant issue in the Muswellbrook region of the Hunter Valley. Spontaneous .... read more
Beyond the stage of reshaping spoil piles and other mine waste dumps to create landscapes that will ensure environmentally acceptable erosion and water quality control, one of the .... read more
Long-term research has provided valuable data on the best species selection and conditions for native understorey species regeneration in NSW coal mines. NSW mining lease conditions require rehabilitation to at least the pre-mining Rural Land Capability and, for the Hunter Valley region, .... read more
Water and salt management over the Northern Bowen Basin was examined through site visits, workshops, one-on-one interviews and site water balance reports. An organising framework for site water management was identified. A framework was developed which includes a conceptual .... read more
The Australian coal mining industry, as with other industries, is coming under greater constraints with respect to their environmental impacts. Emissions of fume forming acid gases such as NOx and SOx to the atmosphere have been regulated for many years as a result of recent advances .... read more
In early 2017project C25029 was successfully completed to investigate the use of LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) for operational dust control at open cut coal mining operations. The objective of this work was to investigate suitable options and implement a real time monitoring method .... read more
This project is further development of technology from an earlier ACARP project (C28074) which involved sulphate reduction based bioremediation for in situ treatment of acidic pit lakes arising from open cut coal mining operations.
In this previous study, encouraging responses of .... read more
A technique was developed that could be used on mine sites to quantify salt uptake and release from coal during processing. Tests were conducted on coals from 14 sites from the Bowen Basin, Hunter Valley and Illawarra. Results showed that in general salt uptake and release was a linear .... read more
The objective of this project was to determine particulate emission rates for the PM2.5 dust fraction for a range of open cut mining activities in Australia.
The project methodology was based on previous research completed in the Hunter Valley. This methodology was modified .... read more
The objective of this project was to determine particulate emission rates for the PM2.5 dust fraction for a range of open cut mining activities.
The project methodology was based on previous research completed in the Hunter Valley. This methodology was modified to utilise .... read more
This report covers the achievements of two successive ACARP projects, C1629 (1992-1994), and C4011 (1995-1997), entitled 'Postmining Landscape Parameters for Erosion and Water .... read more
Repeated flooding of the tailings dam at Mangoola mine under project C27009 led us to apply for additional funding to investigate how we could better produce flood adapted plants for the long term dewatering of the dam. The need to develop procedures to aid adaptation and survival of plants .... read more
The objective of this project was to provide a basis for estimating long term erosion around excavated pit walls in order to assess its effect on final void stability and footprint. The research followed two main lines of investigation:
The release of salts from spoil piles has the potential to affect surface and groundwater quality particularly the quality of water in final voids. Current hydro-geochemical salt balance models either assume that the total amount of inherent salts in spoils will be released over time or often .... read more
This report describes a method developed to assess a mine's vulnerability to extreme weather conditions and its adaptation options and capacity to adapt in order to reduce vulnerability. This method has been named CRATER (Climate Related Adaptation from Terrain Evaluation Results).
The inhalation of air containing elevated levels of crystalline silica is known to cause pneumoconiositic reactions (silicosis) in the lung and possibly cancers. The existence of silicosis has been known since ancient times in industrial occupations which resulted in the generation of excessive .... read more
The objectives of this project were to undertake scientifically rigorous dust studies around coal ports to provide quantitative particle size and abundance information for coal and other particulates in these samples which would also be accepted by the general community. Coal dust is an issue .... read more
The purpose of this project was to estimate the rate of diffuse recharge via rainfall to groundwater systems. The rate of recharge (usually measured in mm/year) is a key ingredient to mines' environmental impact assessments.
Water is added to groundwater systems by .... read more
Biodiversity is defined as the variety of all life on earth. This definition includes the diversity and range of fundamental ecosystem functions, such as carbon, water and nutrient cycling in vegetation and soils. Ecosystem functions provide a range of important ecosystem goods and services, .... read more
The work described in this report was carried out by CSIRO Exploration & Mining, QCAT Laboratory in Brisbane. The objectives of the project were:
The uptake of real-time tools to manage environmental effects from the mining industry is increasing and there is a demand for reliable real-time upper air meteorological data for these tools to improve their accuracy and relevance to daily operations.
Upper air data are important as .... read more
This project successfully developed and demonstrated a complete system to monitor and predict in real time the ground level concentrations of blast fume in and around open cut coal mines. This report describes the system and the outcomes of five trials of the system during blasts at the Meandu .... read more
Release of mine water into streams in the Fitzroy catchment to remove surplus water accumulated during extreme wet seasons raised concerns about the impacts of releases on aquatic biota. The regulator has subsequently imposed stringent monitoring conditions that include a suite of 17 metals and .... read more
The aim of this project was to evaluate the performance of current rehabilitation techniques on dispersive Tertiary spoil. Studies included:
As open-cut coal mines in the Bowen Basin mature, closure planning for final voids will become of paramount importance. Coal mining companies across Queensland currently plan a range of approaches in dealing with final highwalls ranging from a minimalist fencing through to comprehensive .... read more
A two year project was undertaken to develop practical management techniques and guidelines for the use of native grasses in open cut coal mine rehabilitation in the Hunter Valley. The project aimed to enhance and expand on the findings of a preceding three year project which had .... read more
It is a requirement of law that coal mining companies in the Hunter Valley rehabilitate mined land to a standard at least equal to that existing prior to mining activities. In the Hunter Valley most areas prior to mining consist of Class IV, V and VI agricultural land, as defined by the Soil .... read more
The control of spontaneous combustion in spoil piles is an area of concern for a number of open-cut coal mines. Spontaneous combustion in spoil occurs when carbonaceous waste materials are exposed to the air. In large piles, the relatively high voidage (20-40%) within the pile may allow .... read more
Several open-cut mines in the Bowen basin are at or near the end of their operational lives. When mining companies seek regulatory 'sign-off' for these sites, or to obtain certification of rehabilitation that has been completed progressively, they are required among other things to .... read more
Forestry and native habitat are more sustainable post-mining land uses for central Queensland mines than grazing or cropping. The emerging government vision is driven by the principles of ecological sustainable development and is enshrined in the Environmental Protection Act, which .... read more
The release of salts from spoil piles can potentially affect surface and groundwater quality and the quality of water in final voids. Current hydrogeochemical salt balance models often assume that the total amount of inherent salts in spoils will be released over time or predict that water .... read more
Field examination of plant communities and their associated soils in Western and Central Queensland has provided a range of approximately 60 potentially suitable species for trial and incorporation into rehabilitation .... read more
Quantifying carbon fluxes in reclaimed mining environments can define the success of rehabilitation. The carbon content is often used as a surrogate to describe the status of soil health. Organic carbon in soils contributes to nutrient storage and exchange for plant growth, but also improves .... read more
Noise modelling is an evolving science dependant on, and constrained by, a number of variable and complex parameters. This project sought to review the existing commercially available engineering noise propagation models, used within the mining industry, for rigour and accuracy. This .... read more
Original project objectives were:
Research the nature of successful brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) and belah (Casuarina cristata) establishment from seed and tubestock in Bowen Basin rehabilitation communities, including review of brigalow biology as .... read more
This project searched for links between overburden data obtained during feasibility studies and characteristics of the subsequent spoil that would make it suitable as a cover layer over other spoil with properties hostile to rehabilitation. The study included:
The Queensland state regulator and the mining companies that operate open-cut coal mines in central Queensland would both like to see domains of successfully rehabilitated mine land formally certified as having been returned to a sustainable end use acceptable to .... read more
The extraction of coal and gas from coal seams often intersects aquifers with the potential consequence of changing the volume, quality, pressure and movement of groundwater. While such hydrological changes are well understood and can be modelled relatively accurately, the effects of these .... read more
A seminal study has provided the mining industry, regulators and the community with a true picture of what is needed to produce successful rehabilitation on Queensland mine sites. Replacing inappropriate agricultural research methods with techniques relevant to mining , highly regarded .... read more
Grazing cattle defoliate a pasture through direct consumption, and through trampling as they move around. If grazing pressure is low, then the pasture is able to recover with no loss in long-term yields or ground cover. Light grazing may even stimulate the pasture and improve productivity .... read more
Until recently, successful mine site rehabilitation in the NSW Coalfields has focused on introduced pasture with intermittent tree lots. With changes in community expectations, greater emphasis has been placed upon landforms and vegetation that are relatively "natural" in appearance and .... read more
A series of plantation forest trials were established in the late 1990s and early 2000s in the Upper Hunter coalfields to investigate the potential commercial viability of growing plantation forests as an alternative post-mining industry - either for wood products or carbon offsets. Following .... read more
This project aimed to greatly reduce the water trapped below the crust of tailings dams by developing a 'Vegetative Water Pump'. The aim was to select plant species mostly natural to the area of the dam to penetrate the crust and pump the water out increasing the solids density in the .... read more
This project assessed four controlled and five uncontrolled fires that occurred in rehabilitated and unmined areas in central and southern Queensland between 2015 and 2020. The aim was to improve the understanding of fire behaviour, fire risk and determine the trends in rehabilitation recovery .... read more
High salinity in freshwater catchments impacts upon freshwater organisms and ecosystem health, as well as other environmental values such as suitability for drinking water, livestock watering and crop rotation. How saline mine water releases relate to broader catchment salinity issues within .... read more
RESULTS FROM THIS PROJECT ARE AVAILABLE VIA - www.DigDatabase.com.au - DO NOT SELECT "GET REPORT".
The management of mining impacts on rivers and other aquatic ecosystems at both a local and regional scale is a key priority for the mining industry in order to improve the industry's ability to manage environmental issues. The mining industry needs to be able to accurately monitor and .... read more
The project aimed to develop a user friendly catchment/landscape based erosion model, based on the existing hillslope model MINErosion 3.01; a standalone database of soil and spoil physical and chemical properties that can be used with the erosion model as well as for other purposes and a .... read more
The incorporation of commercial biological amendments (compost, worm juice and dried manure) and topsoil at a Bowen Basin coal mine site over a 12 month field experiment increased early microbial enzyme activity (β-glucosidase, cellobiohydrolase, urease, phosphatases) compared to gypsum + .... read more
Three primary objectives were set for this project, these are:
This project aimed to conduct baseline monitoring and research on a series of saline pit lakes across the Bowen Basin and Hunter Valley with a focus on biodiversity. As a potential rehabilitation technique, an on-site tank experiment was conducted to determine the effect of organic matter .... read more
This research project involved, collaboration and technology transfer from research in Collie (Western Australia) to Collinsville (Queensland). Coal mine lakes represent a potentially valuable resource to both the environment and the community in inland Australia, if the water .... read more
This study was undertaken in the context of increased scrutiny over sustainability of the coal mining industry, particularly as it relates to water management. There are increasing expectations for a broader range of standards to be met; these standards are expressed by using the concept of .... read more
Post blast fume has a pungent, acrid odour, features strong colours ranging from yellow to deep red or purples, and is sufficiently toxic to cause serious personal injury. Project C20016, A method to assess and minimise the potential for fume generation from blasting was undertaken .... read more
This ACARP funded project builds on the outcomes of earlier ACARP funded projects conducted in the Collie region by the authors to understand the acidic pit lakes physico-chemical and biological processes and use the knowledge to remediate pit lakes.
The present project was .... read more
The first part of the study investigates the use of meteorological forecast models (the MM5 model) to provide short term (24 to 36 hour) predictions of a relative dust risk index (see later). The study area covers those parts of the Hunter Valley where open cut mining takes place. .... read more
Each mine in Queensland has or will negotiate criteria relating to successful revegetation with regulatory authorities and, prior to lease surrender will be required to demonstrate that such criteria have or are likely to be met. Revegetation after open cut coal mining may be .... read more
Since the Kyoto Protocol was first drafted in 1997, many companies have started to investigate the options available to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and address the threat of climate change. One popular emission reduction strategy involves the establishment of tree plantations to .... read more
The objective of this project was to facilitate the transfer of project C24033 dispersive mine spoil rehabilitation outputs into practice. This included extending the application of the decision support tools to all mined land rehabilitation, and refinement of the package of decision support .... read more
This project builds on the opportunity identified through Project C23037, which showed that the Diffusive Gradients in Thin Films (DGT) technique may be appropriate for assessing bioavailable metal concentrations in streams of the Fitzroy River Basin (FRB). The Project C23037 conducted a trial .... read more
The purpose of project work was to investigate colour and infrared aerial imaging for monitoring the revegetation of coal mining sites. Project duration (2006-2010) coincided with a period when wet emulsion aerial survey was replaced with direct digital capture of imagery and the automated .... read more
Advanced Environmental Dynamics has undertaken a two year project involving a significant field campaign complemented by a dust dispersion model validation component. The primary objective of this project was to give both the mining industry and regulators increased confidence in the results .... read more
This report presents the outcomes of an extension of
ACARP Project C9030 to investigate Capping of Coal Coarse Rejects.
The aim of the research was to provide guidance on design of capping for
coarse rejects based on understanding the effect of capping material and
thickness on the fate .... read more
This report presents the results of an ACARP funded study carried out by Coal Processing Consultants (an ACIRL and CSIRO Division of Coal and Energy Technology joint venture) on aspects of spoil pile self heating. The .... read more
The black coal industry in Australia uses and manages large quantities of water in all stages of the winning and processing of coal, and in the management and rehabilitation of mine sites. The industry commissioned this scoping study to define the water management issues facing the .... read more
The aim of this project was to develop a practical methodology, based on computer modelling and field monitoring, for predicting the hydrology and water quality of final spoil-void systems, primarily for use in on-site planning of final spoil-void systems and in gaining regulatory .... read more
Health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives.
In underground mines the mining induced permeability change in the o...
The challenges associated with designing and operating a safe and pr...
This project is aimed to address critical challenges regarding enhan...
Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research.
The incorporation of commercial biological amendments (compost, worm...
Tyre handling is a major source of risk in surface mining operations...
The geotechnical integrity and stability of a mine spoil dump or tai...
Maximising throughput and yield while minimising costs and emissions.
Testing of fine coal materials in the unsaturated state, such as dew...
Centrifugal dewatering is one of the main processes used for fine an...
A 2 m diameter REFLUX Flotation Cell™ (RFC™) was install...
Market acceptance and emphasising the advantages of Australian coals.
Stamp charged cokemaking has emerged as an effective technique to im...
This project builds on a number of earlier projects that have helped...
The Coke Strength after Reaction (CSR) test is used worldwide to det...
Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from the production of coal.
This third and final stage of this project was the culmination of a ...
Application of ventilation air methane (VAM) thermal oxidiser requir...
This multi‐phase project is concerned with the mitigation of m...
Step-change technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Four Australian coals were trialled in the Siemens 5 MWth pilot scale ga...
The status of oxy-fuel technology for first-generation plant is indicate...
This report consists of a broad review of underground coal gasification,...
The relationship between mines and the local community.
The focus of this ACARP-funded project has been to identify a number...
The coal industry operates in the context of competing land-uses that sh...
This reports on issues surrounding economic assessment and analysis ...
National Energy Research,Development & Demonstration Council (NERDDC) reports - pre 1992.
Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines
Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development and Extraction Operations
Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals - An Industry Handbook
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